How did the Coronavirus pass from bats to humans?
How did Coronavirus pass from bats? Is it because of the Chinese who eat bat soup?
Many people think that the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has spread through people drinking bat soup, but that is not the case.
So how did Coronavirus pass human from bats?
The reason for the emergence of the new Coronavirus Sars-Cov-2 is not people who drink direct bat soup. because the virus cannot be hosted by the acids in the digestive system of humans. the real reason; An animal is bitten by a bat (although not certain: Pangolin) is seen as catching the virus from the bat and infecting it in close contact with humans in the livestock market. These animals are scaly mammal seen mostly in the Far East. Pangolins are hidden in pits they dug during the day and in tree and rock cavities. Pangolins are called "live pine cones" by local people. These animals consist of large, brown scales overlapping each other, covering the head, back, tail and legs.
Little information about bats and the virus they carry.
Bats, shown as the source of the virus, evolved early and showed relatively little change compared to many other mammals. Viruses also evolved with bats during this time period.
They usually feed on fruit or by sucking blood from animals. There are thousands of viruses in their faces, urine and mouths. However, these viruses do not kill them. They use viruses as a defence tool for themselves. They protect their habitats against foreigners by using viruses.
What is the reason why bats are mentioned with viruses?
Bats are the source of many zoonotic factors such as rabies, hantavirus and sars. all living forms in the world contain viruses; Bats are no exception. One-fourth of the mammal species in the world are bats. millions of bats can only coexist in one cave.
The living of bats in large colonies, perching behaviour and the conditions of their environments also facilitates the spread of disease factors. their ability to fly also allows them to transmit factors to different species.
They hibernate the periods when they are not found insects. In bats in more temperate regions, this hibernation behaves daily. They slow down their metabolism and provide a significant energy saving by reducing the body temperature to the outdoor temperature during rest hours.
In fact, this feature is also an opportunity for viruses. In this way, they have the opportunity to quickly reproduce in the blood of bats. Small mammals that feed on insects are known for their short lives. However, this does not valid to bats. Bats can have a life span of over 25 years.
During these lifetimes, they can transmit viral factors they carry to their offspring, individuals of their own species and other species. The immune systems of bats are no different from other species. The incubation times of viruses may vary from species to species. viruses can be found in the live organism without any symptoms for a long time.
These new types of viruses have always been in bats. So why did it appear now?
Because with the rapid population growth and global warming, we entered the places where we should not enter nature. We destroyed and destroyed the habitats of bats and many other species. This is precisely why we have been exposed to epidemics such as Zika, Ebola, Sars, Mers, etc. especially in the last 30 years.
Protecting the living environments of bats and all other creatures are actually the primary way to protect ourselves from these outbreaks. As long as urban life and wildlife are intertwined, we may encounter new disease factors that we do not know existed and the effect is more destructive.